The women who challenged Portugals dictatorship

The women who challenged Portugals dictatorship

A letter written in the voice of a Portuguese fighter, articulating his fear and despair, “could very well have been written by soldiers in Iraq”, Ms Amaral says. The regime was “internationally discredited by the negative publicity of the Marias’ case”, says Hilary Owen of Oxford and Manchester universities. Already unpopular for its costly, grim wars in Angola, Guinea-Bissau and Mozambique, the dictatorship was overthrown find more at in a military coup on April 25th 1974.

  • She has taken Portugal’s name across borders and shown that despite the inequalities that still exist in sports and among athletes, consistency, hard work, and dedication make all the difference.
  • The adolescent birth rate is 7.3 per 1,000 women aged 15–19 as of 2018, down from 8 per 1,000 in 2017.
  • Regarding violence against women, the report states that legislation was passed in 1991 to guarantee protection for women victims of violence.
  • To support cooperation projects promoted by civil society organisations within the intervention scope of this plan.
  • The Convention, which became operational in 1981, requires States parties to eliminate discrimination against women in the enjoyment of all civil, political, economic and cultural rights and sets an agenda for national action to end such discrimination.
  • She won the gold medal at the 2016 European Athletics Championships in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

A number of non-governmental organizations support women victims of violence. On the issue of employment, the report says that several laws were adopted to reinforce the right to equal opportunity for both men and women. As a result of those laws, several measures to support women beginning or returning to professional activity were adopted, including training programmes. Changes to the Constitution defined the promotion of equality between men and women as a fundamental task of the State. Legal protection against all forms of discrimination is now included in rights, liberties and personal guarantees.

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In London and New York, theatres hosted readings from the book; women in Brussels and Paris marched in solidarity. In The Hague feminists climbed onto the roof of the Portuguese embassy and unfurled a banner. It banned the book, seizing copies on the grounds that the text was “irreparably pornographic and incompatible with public morality”.

In conclusion, she said she would do her best to follow the recommendations of the Committee. If there happened to be disagreement on some issues, it would be important to work together to reach an understanding. Speakers in the ensuing debate congratulated the country for the many policies and mechanisms put in place for the advancement of women. Committee Chairperson CHARLOTTE ABAKA thanked the delegation for its presentation of the report and congratulated the Government of Portugal for its extensive responses to the issues raised by the Pre-Session Working Group of the Committee. She also welcomed the ratification of the amendment to article 20.1 of the Convention on the Committee’s meetings and Portugal’s decision to ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. She hoped the actual ratification would take place in the near future.

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PSP was the first police force to enlist women, but currently only have 7,9% of women agents, although women make 14,4% of top officers. To ensure access to psychological support for the staff and the respective families before, during and after their participation in peace and technical and military cooperation missions. She is the recipient of the Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo Award in the “Role Model” category, for her “professional and social career”. Besides merit and influence, this award also recognizes women who stand out in various areas of society, act as role models and inspire Portuguese women. Women have still a long way to go but through several strong women, they are encouraged to build and define their paths.

To promote the increase of women serving in the military and security forces. To promote meetings with representatives of the civil society for the implementation, follow-up and assessment of the II PNA 1325.

Immigrant population in Portugal increases to 750,000

A friend of Barreno smuggled copies of the book into France and sent them to feminist writers including Christiane Rochefort, who publicised the case. French newspapers published excerpts of the text, which was shared among women’s liberation groups. In Britain authors including Doris Lessing, Iris Murdoch and Jean Rhys wrote to the Times expressing their disgust with the trio’s treatment. At the International Feminist Planning Conference held in Massachusetts in June 1973, representatives of dozens of countries agreed to rally round the “Three Marias”. However, abortions can only be performed if the pregnancy has not exceeded 10 weeks. Abortions at later stages are only allowed for particular reasons such as rape.

In two meetings held this morning and this afternoon, the Committee considered Portugal’s fourth and fifth periodic reports, which have been submitted in compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. The Convention, which became operational in 1981, requires States parties to eliminate discrimination against women in the enjoyment of all civil, political, economic and cultural rights and sets an agenda for national action to end such discrimination. Previous reports were submitted to the Committee in 1986 and 1991.

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Let’s take a look at the progress of women’s rights across the decades in Portugal, from the Estado Novo until today. To promote the increase of women’s participation in international missions for the promotion and maintenance of peace and security, for humanitarian aid and for crisis management. Ms. DA CUNHA REGO said that her Government believed in mainstreaming, the education system and training. Targeted action was needed to make people aware of gender equality issues. However, stereotypes were long entrenched in society values, and it was not easy to change them. Her Government had started several programmes to change attitudes, not only emphasizing the issues, but also making men aware of what they were losing as a result of discrimination. As more needed to be done, the Government would continue its efforts to train journalists.

Learn more about the history of women in Portugal with a Context private custom tour of Lisbon. It was also under the Estado Novo that Maria Teresa Cárcomo Lobo politician and jurist, became the first woman to hold office in Portugal. She was also deputy of the Assembleia Nacional of the First Portuguese Republic, during the XI legislature.

Women’s “nature” meant that women were expected to stay at home, take care of children, and unfortunately, keep their mouths shut. 6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services, by urban/rural. 3.9.1 Age-standardized mortality rate attributed to household air pollution .

Crimes against women required specific remedies, not general abstractions, another speaker said. But word of the women’s persecution, and the stifling of free speech in Portugal, got out.